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J31 Chronic rhinitis, nasopharyngitis and pharyngitis. Causes Pathogenesis Symptoms of postnasal drip Complications Diagnostics Treatment of postnasal drip Forecast and prevention Treatment prices.
Postnasal drip syndrome (PNDS) is a very common pathological condition. According to many experts, it is one of the most common causes of sertraline. The disease occurs everywhere, regardless of socio-economic indicators and climatic characteristics of the region of residence. In more than 35% of cases, SPD is caused by acute and chronic rhinitis, in another 20-25% - by various forms of sinusitis. Concomitant malformations of the nasopharynx and nose are present in 15-25% of patients. Complications in the form of inflammatory lesions of the larynx and tracheobronchial tree are detected relatively often - in 20% of patients. Postnasal drip syndrome.
Infectious and allergic pathologies. Overproduction of mucus is provoked by inflammatory reactions of various etiologies. Most often these are allergic, bacterial, fungal or viral sinusitis, vasomotor, medicinal or post-infectious rhinitis, rhinitis of pregnant women. Less commonly, the pathological condition causes the proliferation of adenoid vegetations and their inflammation - adenoiditis. Congenital and acquired anomalies. The classic form of postnasal drip syndrome is potentiated by a congenital formation of zoloft pills of the nasopharynx - Thornwaldt cyst. Contributing factors may include a deviated nasal septum, bullous deformation of the conchae, and other defects of the pharynx and nasal cavity. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Rare causes of SPD include pathologies of the digestive system, accompanied by the reflux of stomach contents into the lumen of the nasopharynx and oropharynx - esophageal diverticulum, hiatal hernia and laryngopharyngeal reflux.
- This syndrome is the result of diseases of the ENT organs, in which the functioning of regional exocrine glands that produce mucus is disrupted.
- Under normal conditions, they provide hydration and cleansing of the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and paranasal sinuses from inhaled substances.
- Dysfunction of these glands and excess mucus production may be due to buy zoloft online.
The disease develops against the background of inflammatory damage to the upper respiratory tract. As a result of a local increase in the permeability of blood vessels and exudation, purulent or mucous pathological masses are released, and the work of the mucous glands is enhanced. As the secretions accumulate, they flow down the back wall of the pharynx into the vestibular part of the larynx. In this area, mechanical irritation of the nerve endings of the afferent part of the cough reflex arc occurs, which provokes a cough. During the daytime the clinic is less pronounced. This is due to the fact that the patient swallows a significant part of the secretions, which is why they do not reach the cough zones - the mucous membranes of the epiglottis and vocal folds. At night, when the body is in a horizontal position, mucus or pus flows freely to order sertraline online areas of the laryngopharynx, stimulating a cough.